COLON CANCER TREATMENT
Treatment of colon cancer has changed significantly over the past decade. For many years, colon cancer patients had only one drug to use, and it was not very effective. Today, there are many treatments available for colon cancer, although access to these treatments remains a challenge in many countries.
Treatment largely depends upon the location of the tumor in the colon or rectum and the stage of the disease. Treatment for colorectal cancer may involve surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy or in some cases, radiation. Some people have a combination of treatments. Treatment for colon cancer is sometimes different than treatment for rectal cancer. Cancer treatment can be local therapy or systemic therapy.
Treatment Options for Colon Cancer
Stage 0 (Carcinoma in Situ)
Stage I Colon Cancer
Treatment of stage I colon cancer usually includes the following:
Stage II Colon Cancer
Treatment of stage II colon cancer may include the following:
Stage III Colon Cancer
Treatment of stage III colon cancer may include the following:
Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer
Surgery to remove parts of other organs, such as the liver, lungs, and ovaries, where the cancer may have recurred or spread. Treatment of cancer that has spread to the liver may also include the following:
Clinical trials of chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy.
IMPORTANT: Always ask your doctor which treatment options may be recommended or approrpriate.